Does "Subpart D - Occupational Health and Environmental Controls" Apply to You?

Subpart D provides specific requirements for medical services and first aid; sanitation; occupational noise; ionizing and non-ionizing radiation; gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and mists; illumination; ventilation; hazard communication; methylenedianiline; retention of DOT markings, placards and labels; lead; process safety management of highly hazardous materials; hazardous waste operations and emergency response (HAZWOPER); and criteria for design and construction of spray booths.

Note: Most employers in the construction industry need to comply with the requirements for medical services and first aid, sanitation, occupational noise, illumination, hazard communication, and gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and mists.

To find out which standards in subpart D apply to you, click on the tabs below.

Subpart D - Occupational Health and Enviromental Control

Do you need to provide medical services and/or first aid?

Do you need to provide medical services and/or first aid?

This should be yes as the standard medical services and first aid requires the employer to ensure availability of medical personnel and prompt medical attention for serious injuries. It also provides for a person who has a valid certificate in first aid to be available if medical care is not "reasonably accessible".

Reasonably accessible (in near proximity) is interpreted by OSHA as "While the standards do not prescribe a number of minutes, OSHA has long interpreted the term "near proximity" to mean that emergency care must be available within no more than 3-4 minutes from the workplace, an interpretation that has been upheld by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and by federal courts."

Refer to the rules of construction for more information on responsibilities regarding first aid facilities and medical services at the job site.

This standard provides requirements for first aid supplies and contents, emergency telephone numbers and transportation availability. It also requires quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body when a person may be exposed to injurious corrosive materials. OPN 143 provides guidance when determining what is considered a suitable facility for drenching or flushing the eyes or body. Appendix A provides guidance on first aid kits. 

Note: Employees that are designated by their employer to provide first aid as a collateral job duty are covered under the bloodborne pathogens standard. Do you have employees that have first aid responsibilities? If yes, then you need to comply with the state specific standard, toxic and hazardous substances, that incorporates the bloodborne pathogens standard (excluding subparagraphs (e) HIV and HBV Research Laboratories and Production Facilities) into the Safety and Health Regulations for Construction (29 CFR 1926). It also revised the definition of Occupational Exposure under subsection (b) Definitions.

Occupational Exposure means reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of collateral first aid duties by an employee in the areas of construction, alteration, or repair, including painting and decorating.

More information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topics pages for medical services and first aid, eyewash stations and emergency showers, personal protective equipment and bloodborne pathogens.

Do you need to provide for sanitation?

Do you need to provide for sanitation?

This should be yes as the sanitation standard provides requirements for potable water, nonpotable water, toilets at construction jobsites, food handling, temporary sleeping quarters, washing facilities, showers, eating and drinking areas, vermin control (i.e., effective extermination program), and change rooms. Refer to the rules of construction for more information on these responsibilities at the jobsite.

Also reference SN 58 - Availability of and Access to Toilets and Hand Washing Facilities discusses the responsibility of employers in general industry and construction to provide and permit employees reasonable access to hand washing facilities and toilets as needed or with reasonable restrictions. 

Are employees exposed to occupational noise?

Are employees exposed to occupational noise?

If yes, then you may need to comply with the occupational noise exposure standard as it applies when employees are subjected to sound levels exceeding those listed in Table D-2 - Permissible Noise Exposures. This standard requires that feasible administrative or engineering controls be utilized to reduce noise exposures. If these controls fail to reduce sound levels, then personal protective equipment needs to be provided and used to reduce noise to the levels provided in the table. Note: The noise exposure should be considered without the use of personal protective equipment in place.

Additional information can be found on our A-Z safety and health topics pages for noise and personal protective equipment.

Do you have occupational ionizing radiation exposures?

Do you have occupational ionizing radiation exposures?

If yes, then you need to comply with the ionizing radiation standard. This standard states that the pertinent provisions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Standards for Protection Against Radiation (10 CFR Part 20) relating to protection against occupational radiation exposure applies to ionizing radiation exposures and that any activity involving the use of radioactive materials or x-rays shall be performed by a competent person. It also references the general industry standard for ionizing radiation as the requirements in paragraph (c) - (r) are identical for construction work.

This standard provides the requirements pertaining to exposures of individuals in restricted areas, exposure to airborne radioactive material, precautionary procedures and personal monitoring, caution signs, labels, and signals, immediate evacuation warning signal, exceptions from posting requirements, exemptions for radioactive materials packaged for shipment, instruction of personnel (posting), storage of radioactive materials, waste disposal, notification if incidents, records, disclosure to former employee of individual employee's record, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensees - NRC contractors operating NRC plants and facilities - NRC Agreement State licensees or registrants.

Radiation includes alpha rays, beta rays, gamma rays, X-rays, neutrons, high-speed electrons, high-speed protons, and other atomic particles; but such term does not include sound or radio waves, or visible light, or infrared or ultraviolet light. 

Additional information can be found on our A-Z safety and health topics page for radiation, ionizing and non-ionizing.  

 

Do you have occupational non-ionizing radiation exposures?

Do you have occupational non-ionizing radiation exposures?

If yes, then you need to comply with the standard on non-ionizing radiation. Note: The North Carolina state-specific standard, occupational health and environmental controls, adds the following to paragraph (a) in non-ionizing radiation "This standard applies to all direct or reflected laser equipment except unmodified Class 1 equipment maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations."

This standard provides requirements pertaining to qualified and trained employees, proof of qualification of laser equipment operator, eye protection, warning placards, lasers left unattended, guiding internal alignments, labels, exposures, and other safety procedures.

Non-ionizing radiation - A series of energy waves composed of oscillating electric and magnetic fields traveling at the speed of light. Non-ionizing radiation includes ultraviolet (UV), visible light, infrared (IR), microwave (MW), radio frequency (RF), and extremely low frequency (ELF). Non-ionizing radiation does not have enough energy to remove an electron from an atom or molecule.

Additional information can be found on our A-Z safety and health topics page for radiation, ionizing and non-ionizing.  

Do you have operations that generate gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and/or mists?

Do you have operations that generate gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and/or mists?

If yes, then you need to comply with the standard on gases, vapors, fumes, dusts, and mists. This standard applies to employee exposures from inhalation, ingestion, skin absorption, or contact with any material or substance at a concentration above those specified in the "Threshold Limit Values (TLV) of Airborne Contaminants for 1970" of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH).

Reference appendix A which provides the "1970 American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' Threshold Limit Values of Airborne Contaminants". The standard requires feasible administrative or engineering controls to be utilized. If these controls are not feasible, protective equipment or other protective measures must be used to keep the exposure of employees to air contaminants within the limits prescribed in the appendix. It also references that any equipment and technical measures must be approved by a competent industrial hygienist or other technically qualified person and if respirators are used, they must comply with the standard on respiratory protection.

This standard does not apply to employee exposure to airborne asbestos, tremolite, anthophyllite, and actinolite dust. The asbestos standard for general industry or construction are to be followed for airborne asbestos exposures in construction. It also does not apply to employee exposures to formaldehyde. The general industry standard for formaldehyde should be followed for exposures to formaldehyde in construction.    

More related information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topics pages for personal protective equipment, eyewash stations and emergency showers, respiratory protection, asbestos, welding and cuttinghexavalent chromium, lead, hazard communication, organic solventshierarchy of controls and silica.

Do you need to provide illumination at the job site?

Do you need to provide illumination at the job site?

This should be an automatic yes. The illumination standard requires construction areas, ramps, runways, corridors, offices, shops, and storage areas to be lighted to not less than the minimum illumination intensities listed in Table D-3 - minimum illumination intensities in foot-candles, while any work is in progress.

It also references the American National Standard A11.1-1965, R1970, Practice for Industrial Lighting, for recommended values of illumination for areas or operations not covered above.

The NCDOL Library is available for assistance regarding access to consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, ASME, NFPA).

Do you need to provide ventilation at the job site?

Do you need to provide ventilation at the job site?

Do you have operations that generate gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and/or mists? If yes, then you need to comply with the ventilation standard as it applies whenever hazardous substances such as dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, or gases (Reference the standard on gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and mists) exist or are produced in the course of construction work.  Paragraph (a) - (e) provides general requirements such as that when ventilation is used as an engineering control method, the system must be installed and operated according to the standard's requirements. These paragraphs also provides general requirements pertaining to local exhaust ventilation, duration of operations and disposal of exhaust materials. Note: Reference the standard on gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and mists for contaminant exposures.

Do you have an operation where an abrasive is forcibly applied to a surface by pneumatic or hydraulic pressure, or by centrifugal force? If yes, you also need to comply with paragraph (f) - abrasive blasting, of the ventilation standard. Note: This paragraph does not apply to steam blasting, or steam cleaning, or hydraulic cleaning methods where work is done without the aid of abrasives. This paragraph provides requirements pertaining to dust hazards, blast-cleaning enclosures, exhaust ventilation systems, personal protective equipment, air supply and air compressors (Reference the respiratory protection standard), operational procedures and general safety. It also provides definitions such as:

Abrasive blasting - The forcible application of an abrasive to a surface by pneumatic pressure, hydraulic pressure, or centrifugal force.

Abrasive - A solid substance used in abrasive blasting operations.

Do employees grind, polish, or buff ferrous or nonferrous metals? If yes, then you also need to comply with paragraph (g) - grinding, polishing and buffing operations, of the ventilation standard, as it applies to the use of exhaust hood enclosures and systems in removing dust, dirt, fumes, and gases generated through the grinding, polishing, or buffing of ferrous and nonferrous metals. This paragraph provides requirements pertaining to employee exposures (reference the standard on gases, vapors, fumes, dusts and mists for contaminant exposures), hood and branch pipe requirements, exhaust systems, and hood and enclosure design. This paragraph provides definitions such as:

Polishing and buffing wheels - All power-driven rotatable wheels composed all or in part of textile fabrics, wood, felt, leather, paper, and may be coated with abrasives on the periphery of the wheel for purposes of polishing, buffing, and light grinding.

Do you have spray finishing operations?  This applies to spray booths or spray rooms used to enclose or confine all spray finishing operations but does not apply to the spraying of the exteriors of buildings, fixed tanks, or similar structures, nor to small portable spraying apparatus not used repeatedly in the same location. If yes, you also need to comply with paragraph (h) of the ventilation standard (reference criteria for design and construction of spray booths. It provides requirements pertaining to location and application, design and construction of spray booths, design and construction of spray rooms, ventilation, velocity and air flow requirements, and make-up air.  This paragraph provides definitions such as:

Spray-finishing operations - Employment of methods wherein organic or inorganic materials are utilized in dispersed form for deposit on surfaces to be coated, treated, or cleaned. Such methods of deposit may involve either automatic, manual, or electrostatic deposition but do not include metal spraying or metallizing, dipping, flow coating, roller coating, tumbling, centrifuging, or spray washing and degreasing as conducted in self-contained washing and degreasing machines or systems.

Spray booth - A power-ventilated structure provided to enclose or accommodate a spraying operation to confine and limit the escape of spray, vapor, and residue, and to safely conduct or direct them to an exhaust system.

Spray room - A room in which spray-finishing operations not conducted in a spray booth are performed separately from other areas.

Do you have operations that involve the immersion of materials in liquids, or in the vapors of such liquids, for the purpose of cleaning or altering the surface or adding to or imparting a finish thereto or changing the character of the materials, and their subsequent removal from the liquid or vapor, draining, and drying? Note: These operating include washing, electroplating, anodizing, pickling, quenching, dying, dipping, tanning, dressing, bleaching, degreasing, alkaline cleaning, stripping, rinsing, digesting, and other similar operation. If yes, then you also need to comply with paragraph (i) of the ventilation standard. It references consensus standards, and provides requirements pertaining to classification of open-surface tank operations, ventilation, control requirements, spray cleaning and degreasing, control means other than ventilation, system design, operation, personal protection, special precautions for cyanide, floors and platforms, cleaning and inspections, maintenance, and vapor degreasing tanks.

Surface coating operations - All operations involving the application of protective, decorative, adhesive, or strengthening coating or impregnation to one or more surfaces, or into the interstices of any object or material, by means of spraying, spreading, flowing, brushing, roll coating, pouring, cementing, or similar means; and any subsequent draining or drying operations excluding open-tank operations.

More related information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topics pages for personal protective equipment, respiratory protection, asbestos, welding and cuttinghexavalent chromium, lead, hazard communication, organic solventsabrasive blasting and silica. The NCDOL Library is available for assistance regarding access to consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, ASME, NFPA).

 

 

Do you have employees that may be exposed to any chemical under normal conditions or in foreseeable emergencies?

Do you have employees that may be exposed to any chemical under normal conditions or in foreseeable emergencies?

If yes, then you need to comply with the hazard communication standard. This standard applies to any chemical which is known to be present in the workplace in such a manner that employees may be exposed under normal conditions of use or in a foreseeable emergency. Note: The hazard communication standard refers back to the general industry standard for hazard communication as they are identical for both industries.

This standard does not apply to:

  • Any hazardous waste as such term is defined by the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), when subject to regulations issued under that Act by the Environmental Protection Agency;
  • Any hazardous substance as such term is defined by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) when the hazardous substance is the focus of remedial or removal action being conducted under CERCLA in accordance with Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
  • Tobacco or tobacco products;
  • Wood or wood products, including lumber which will not be processed, where the chemical manufacturer or importer can establish that the only hazard they pose to employees is the potential for flammability or combustibility (wood or wood products which have been treated with a hazardous chemical covered by this standard, and wood which may be subsequently sawed or cut, generating dust, are not exempted);
  • Articles; Note: Defined as a manufactured item other than a fluid or particle: (i) which is formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture; (ii) which has end use function(s) dependent in whole or in part upon its shape or design during end use; and (iii) which under normal conditions of use does not release more than very small quantities, e.g., minute or trace amounts of a hazardous chemical (as determined under paragraph (d) of this section), and does not pose a physical hazard or health risk to employees.
  • Food or alcoholic beverages which are sold, used, or prepared in a retail establishment (such as a grocery store, restaurant, or drinking place), and foods intended for personal consumption by employees while in the workplace;
  • Any drug, as that term is defined in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act when it is in solid, final form for direct administration to the patient (e.g., tablets or pills); drugs which are packaged by the chemical manufacturer for sale to consumers in a retail establishment (e.g., over-the-counter drugs); and drugs intended for personal consumption by employees while in the workplace (e.g., first aid supplies);
  • Cosmetics which are packaged for sale to consumers in a retail establishment, and cosmetics intended for personal consumption by employees while in the workplace;
  • Any consumer product or hazardous substance, as those terms are defined in the Consumer Product Safety Act and Federal Hazardous Substances Act, where the employer can show that it is used in the workplace for the purpose intended by the chemical manufacturer or importer of the product, and the use results in a duration and frequency of exposure which is not greater than the range of exposures that could reasonably be experienced by consumers when used for the purpose intended;
  • Nuisance particulates where the chemical manufacturer or importer can establish that they do not pose any physical or health hazard covered under this section;
  • Ionizing and nonionizing radiation; and
  • Biological hazards.

The standard does not require labeling of the following chemicals:

  • Any pesticide when subject to the labeling requirements of Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and labeling regulations issued under that Act by the Environmental Protection Agency;
  • Any chemical substance or mixture that are subject to the labeling requirements the Toxic Substances Control Act and labeling regulations issued under that Act by the Environmental Protection Agency;
  • Any food, food additive, color additive, drug, cosmetic, or medical or veterinary device or product, including materials intended for use as ingredients in such products (e.g. flavors and fragrances), when they are subject to the labeling requirements under Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act  or the Virus-Serum-Toxin Act by either the Food and Drug Administration or the Department of Agriculture;
  • Any distilled spirits (beverage alcohols), wine, or malt beverage intended for nonindustrial use, when subject to the labeling requirements of Federal Alcohol Administration Act and labeling regulations issued under that Act by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives;
  • Any consumer product or hazardous substance when subject to a consumer product safety standard or labeling requirement of Consumer Product Safety Act and Federal Hazardous Substances Act or regulations issued under those Acts by the Consumer Product Safety Commission; and
  • Agricultural or vegetable seed treated with pesticides and labeled in accordance with the Federal Seed Act and the labeling regulations issued under that Act by the Department of Agriculture.

This standard applies to laboratories only as follows:

  • Employers shall ensure that labels on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals are not removed or defaced;
  • Employers shall maintain any safety data sheets that are received with incoming shipments of hazardous chemicals, and ensure that they are readily accessible during each workshift to laboratory employees when they are in their work areas;
  • Employers shall ensure that laboratory employees are provided information and training; and
  • Laboratory employers that ship hazardous chemicals are considered to be either a chemical manufacturer or a distributor under this rule, and thus must ensure that any containers of hazardous chemicals leaving the laboratory are correctly labeled and that a safety data sheet is provided to distributors and other employers per requirements of the standard.

This standard provides the requirements for a written hazard communication program, labels and other forms of warning, safety data sheets, information and training, trade secrets, hazard classification, chemical inventory, and non-routine tasks. It also provides definitions such as: 

Chemical means any substance, or mixture of substances.

Hazard class means the nature of the physical or health hazards, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity.

Foreseeable emergency means any potential occurrence such as, but not limited to, equipment failure, rupture of containers, or failure of control equipment which could result in an uncontrolled release of a hazardous chemical into the workplace. 

Label means an appropriate group of written, printed or graphic information elements concerning a hazardous chemical that is affixed to, printed on, or attached to the immediate container of a hazardous chemical, or to the outside packaging.

Safety data sheet (SDS) means written or printed material concerning a hazardous chemical that is prepared in accordance with the standard.

Additional information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topic pages for hazard communication, personal protective equipment, eyewash stations and emergency showersorganic solventsacids and basesflammable liquidshierarchy of controls and respiratory protection.

Do your employees have occupational exposure to methylenedianiline?

Do your employees have occupational exposure to methylenedianiline?

If yes, then you may need to comply with the standard on methylenedianiline (MDA). This standard applies to all construction work where there is exposure to MDA, including but not limited to the following:

  • Construction, alteration, repair, maintenance, or renovation of structures, substrates, or portions thereof, that contain MDA;
  • Installation or the finishing of surfaces with products containing MDA;
  • MDA spill/emergency cleanup at construction sites; and
  • Transportation, disposal, storage, or containment of MDA or products containing MDA on the site or location at which construction activities are performed.

This standard does not apply to:

  • The processing, use, and handling of products containing MDA where initial monitoring indicates that the product is not capable of releasing MDA in excess of the action level under the expected conditions of processing, use, and handling which will cause the greatest possible release; and where no dermal exposure to MDA can occur.
  • The processing, use, and handling of products containing MDA where objective data are reasonably relied upon which demonstrate the product is not capable of releasing MDA under the expected conditions of processing, use, and handling which will cause the greatest possible release; and where no dermal exposure to MDA can occur.
  • The storage, transportation, distribution or sale of MDA in intact containers sealed in such a manner as to contain the MDA dusts, vapors, or liquids, except for the provisions of hazard communication and paragraph (e) - emergency situations.
  • To materials in any form which contain less than 0.1% MDA by weight or volume.
  • To finished articles containing MDA.

Note: Where products containing MDA are exempted, the employer must maintain records of the initial monitoring results or objective data supporting that exemption and the basis for the employer's reliance on the data.

4,4'Methylenedianiline or MDA means the chemical; 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, Chemical Abstract Service Registry number 101-77-9, in the form of a vapor, liquid, or solid. The definition also includes the salts of MDA.

This standard [rovides requirements pertaining to permissible exposure limits, communication among employers, emergency situations (reference emergency action plans and fire prevention plans), hazard communication program (reference the standard on hazard communication), exposure monitoring, regulated areas, methods of compliance (i.e., engineering controls, work practices, written compliance plan), respirator program (reference the respiratory protection standard), protective work clothing and equipment, hygiene facilites and practices (reference the sanitation standard), signs and labels, housekeeping, medical surveillance, and recordkeeping (reference the standard on access to employee exposure and medical records). 

The appendices for this standard reference the appendices found in the general industry standard for MDA and include the following: Appendix A provides substance data sheet; Appendix B provides the substance technical guidelines, Appendix C provides the medical surveillance guidelines; and Appendix D provides the aampling and analytical methods for MDA monitoring and measurement procedures. This standard also provides definitions such as:

Action level means a concentration of airborne MDA of 5 ppb as an eight (8)-hour time-weighted average.

Employee exposure means exposure to MDA which would occur if the employee were not using respirators or protective work clothing and equipment.

Additional information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topic pages for personal protective equipment, hazard communication, eyewash stations and emergency showershierarchy of controls, emergency action plans, fire prevention plans, and respiratory protection.

Do you receive containers or packages with DOT markings, placards or labels?

Do you receive containers or packages with DOT markings, placards or labels?

If yes, then you need to comply with the standard on retention of DOT markings, placards and labels. Note: The requirements for construction are identical to general industry for retention of DOT markings, placards and labels. It applies to the department of transportation markings, placards and labels for:

  • Packages of hazardous material received by the employer;
  • Freight containers;
  • Rail freight cars;
  • Motor vehicles;
  • Transport vehicles.

This standard provides the requirements pertaining to maintaining the visibility of markings, placards and labels, and maintaining labels in accordance with the hazard communication standard. 

Additional related information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topic page for hazard communication.

Do you have occupational lead exposures?

Do you have occupational lead exposures?

If yes, then you need to comply with the standard on lead. This standard applies to all construction work where an employee may be occupationally exposed to lead. 

Construction work is defined as work for construction, alteration and/or repair, including painting and decorating. It includes but is not limited to the following:

  • Demolition or salvage of structures where lead or materials containing lead are present;
  • Removal or encapsulation of materials containing lead;
  • New construction, alteration, repair, or renovation of structures, substrates, or portions thereof, that contain lead, or materials containing lead;
  • Installation of products containing lead;
  • Lead contamination/emergency cleanup;
  • Transportation, disposal, storage, or containment of lead or materials containing lead on the site or location at which construction activities are performed, and
  • Maintenance operations associated with the construction activities described in this paragraph.

This standard provides requirements pertaining to the permissible exposure limit, exposure assessments, methods of compliance (i.e., engineering controls, work practice controls, written compliance plan), respirator program  (reference the respiratory protection standard), protective work clothing and equipment  (reference the standard on eye and face protection), housekeeping, signs and labels, hygiene facilities and practices (reference the sanitation standard), hazard communication program (reference the hazard communication standard), medical surveillance, medical removal protection, information and training, and recordkeeping (reference the standard on access to employee exposure and medical records). 

The appendices for lead are as follows: Appendix A provides the substance data sheet for occupational exposure; Appendix B provides the employee standard summary; and Appendix C provides the medical surveillance guidelines. This standard also provides definitions including:

Action level means employee exposure, without regard to the use of respirators, to an airborne concentration of lead of 30 micrograms per cubic meter of air (30 ug/m3) averaged over an 8-hour period. 

Lead means metallic lead, all inorganic lead compounds, and organic lead soaps. Excluded from this definition are all other organic lead compounds.

Related information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topic pages for lead, personal protective equipment, hazard communication and respiratory protection. In addition, occupational exposure to lead falls within the OSH Division health hazards special emphasis program

Do you have highly hazardous materials or a process involving highly hazardous materials?

Do you have highly hazardous materials or a process involving highly hazardous materials?

Do you have a process which involves a chemical at or above the specified threshold quantities listed in appendix A? If yes, you need to comply with the process safety management of highly hazardous materials standard.

Do you have a process which involves a category 1 flammable gas or flammable liquid with a flashpoint below 100 ºF (37.8 ºC) on site in one location, in a quantity of 10,000 pounds or more? If yes, you need to comply with the process safety management of highly hazardous materials standard.

Note: Does not include hydrocarbon fuels used solely for workplace consumption as a fuel (e.g., propane used for comfort heating, gasoline for vehicle refueling), if such fuels are not a part of a process containing another highly hazardous chemical covered by this standard; or flammable liquids stored in atmospheric tanks or transferred which are kept below their normal boiling point without benefit of chilling or refrigeration; flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100 ºF (37.8 ºC) stored in atmospheric tanks or transferred that are kept below their normal boiling point without benefit of chilling or refrigeration.

 This standard does not apply to:

  • Retail facilities;
  • Oil or gas well drilling or servicing operations; or
  • Normally unoccupied remote facilities.

This standard provides requirements pertaining to employee participation, process safety information, process hazard analysis, operating procedures, training, contractors, pre-startup safety review, mechanical integrity, hot work permits, management of change, incident investigations, emergency planning (reference employee emergency action plans and HAZWOPER), compliance audits, and trade secrets.

The appendices for this standard cover the following, appendix B provides a block flow diagram and simplified process flow diagram and appendix C provides compliance guidelines and recommendations for process safety management.  This standard also provides definitions such as:

Normally unoccupied remote facility - Means a facility which is operated, maintained or serviced by employees who visit the facility only periodically to check its operation and to perform necessary operating or maintenance tasks. No employees are permanently stationed at the facility. Facilities meeting this definition are not contiguous with, and must be geographically remote from all other buildings, processes or persons. 

Process - Means any activity involving a highly hazardous chemical including any use, storage, manufacturing, handling, or the on-site movement of such chemicals, or combination of these activities. For purposes of this definition, any group of vessels which are interconnected and separate vessels which are located such that a highly hazardous chemical could be involved in a potential release shall be considered a single process. 

Additional information can be found on the A-Z safety and health topic pages for process safety managementhazard communication, personal protective equipment, eyewash stations and emergency showers, organic solventsfire prevention plansemergency action plansflammable liquids and respiratory protection.

Do you have operations at a treatment, storage and disposal facility for hazardous materials?

Do you have operations at a treatment, storage and disposal facility for hazardous materials?

The HAZWOPER standard provides requirements for three separate operations, unless the employer can demonstrate that the operation does not involve employee exposure or the reasonable possibility for employee exposure to safety or health hazards: clean up operations by an employer; treatment, storage and disposal, and emergency response.

Do you have employees involved in operations at a treatment, storage and disposal facility? If yes, then you need to comply with paragraph (p) - treatment, storage and disposal. This standard provides requirements pertaining to a safety and health program, hazard communication program (reference hazard communication standard), medical surveillance program, decontamination program, new technology program, material handling program, training program, and emergency response program (reference employee emergency action plans). 

The appendices for this standard cover the following, appendix A provides personal protective equipment test methods, appendix B provides general description and discussion of the levels of protection and protective gear, appendix C provides compliance guidelines, and appendix E provides training curriculum guidelines. This standard also provides definitions such as:

Emergency response or responding to emergencies means a response effort by employees from outside the immediate release area or by other designated responders (i.e., mutual-aid groups, local fire departments, etc.) to an occurrence which results, or is likely to result, in an uncontrolled release of a hazardous substance. Responses to incidental releases of hazardous substances where the substance can be absorbed, neutralized, or otherwise controlled at the time of release by employees in the immediate release area, or by maintenance personnel are not considered to be emergency responses within the scope of this standard. Responses to releases of hazardous substances where there is no potential safety or health hazard (i.e., fire, explosion, or chemical exposure) are not considered to be emergency responses.

Additional information on can be found on our A-Z topics pages for HAZWOPER. More related information can be found on the A-Z topics pages for personal protective equipmentemergency action plans, eyewash stations and emergency showers, hazard communicationflammable liquids and respiratory protection

Are your employees involved in clean up operations?

Are your employees involved in clean up operations?

The HAZWOPER standard provides requirements for three separate operations, unless the employer can demonstrate that the operation does not involve employee exposure or the reasonable possibility for employee exposure to safety or health hazards: clean up operations by an employer; treatment, storage and disposal, and emergency response.

Do you have employees that respond to clean up operations of hazardous material at the worksite? If yes, then you need to comply with paragraphs (a) - (o) - clean up operations by an employer. This standard provides requirements pertaining to a written safety and health program, site characterization and analysis, site control, training,  medical surveillance, engineering controls, work practices, personal protective equipment, monitoring, informational programs, handling drums and containers, decontamination, emergency response (reference employee emergency action plans and employee alarm systems), illumination, sanitation of temporary workplaces, and new technology programs.

The appendices for this standard cover the following, appendix A provides personal protective equipment test methods, appendix B provides general description and discussion of the levels of protection and protective gear, appendix C provides compliance guidelines, and appendix E provides training curriculum guidelines. This standard also provides definitions such as:

Emergency response or responding to emergencies means a response effort by employees from outside the immediate release area or by other designated responders (i.e., mutual-aid groups, local fire departments, etc.) to an occurrence which results, or is likely to result, in an uncontrolled release of a hazardous substance. Responses to incidental releases of hazardous substances where the substance can be absorbed, neutralized, or otherwise controlled at the time of release by employees in the immediate release area, or by maintenance personnel are not considered to be emergency responses within the scope of this standard. Responses to releases of hazardous substances where there is no potential safety or health hazard (i.e., fire, explosion, or chemical exposure) are not considered to be emergency responses.

Additional information on can be found on our A-Z topics pages for HAZWOPER. More related information can be found on the A-Z topics pages for personal protective equipmentemergency action plans, eyewash stations and emergency showersflammable liquids and respiratory protection

Do your employees respond to emergencies involving hazardous materials?

Do your employees respond to emergencies involving hazardous materials?

The HAZWOPER standard provides requirements for three separate operations, unless the employer can demonstrate that the operation does not involve employee exposure or the reasonable possibility for employee exposure to safety or health hazards: clean up operations by an employer; treatment, storage and disposal, and emergency response.

Do you have employees that respond to emergencies involving hazardous materials at any location (i.e., HatMat Team)? If yes, then you need to comply with paragraph (q) - emergency response. This standard provides the requirements for having an emergency response plan (also reference employee emergency action plans), emergency procedures, skilled support personnel, specialist employees, training, trainers, refresher training, medical surveillance and consultation, chemical protective clothing, and post-emergency response operations.

The appendices for this standard cover the following, appendix A provides personal protective equipment test methods, appendix B provides general description and discussion of the levels of protection and protective gear, appendix C provides compliance guidelines, and appendix E provides training curriculum guidelines. This standard also provides definitions such as:

Emergency response or responding to emergencies means a response effort by employees from outside the immediate release area or by other designated responders (i.e., mutual-aid groups, local fire departments, etc.) to an occurrence which results, or is likely to result, in an uncontrolled release of a hazardous substance. Responses to incidental releases of hazardous substances where the substance can be absorbed, neutralized, or otherwise controlled at the time of release by employees in the immediate release area, or by maintenance personnel are not considered to be emergency responses within the scope of this standard. Responses to releases of hazardous substances where there is no potential safety or health hazard (i.e., fire, explosion, or chemical exposure) are not considered to be emergency responses.

Hazardous materials response (HAZMAT) team - Means an organized group of employees, designated by the employer, who are expected to perform work to handle and control actual or potential leaks or spills of hazardous substances requiring possible close approach to the substance. The team members perform responses to releases or potential releases of hazardous substances for the purpose of control or stabilization of the incident. A HAZMAT team is not a fire brigade nor is a typical fire brigade a HAZMAT team. A HAZMAT team, however, may be a separate component of a fire brigade or fire department.
 

Additional information on can be found on our A-Z topics pages for HAZWOPER. More related information can be found on the A-Z topics pages for personal protective equipmentemergency action plans, eyewash stations and emergency showersflammable liquids and respiratory protection

Do you have spray booths?

Do you have spray booths?

If yes, then you need to comply with the standard on the criteria for design and construction of spray booths. It provides requirements for the design and construction of spray booths, electrical and other sources of ignition, ventilation, fixed electrostatic apparatus, electrostatic hand spraying equipment, and drying, curing and fusion apparatuses. It also provides definitions such as:

Spraying area - Any area in which dangerous quantities of flammable vapors or mists, or combustible residues, dusts, or deposits are present due to the operation of spraying processes.

Spray booth - A power-ventilated structure provided to enclose or accommodate a spraying operation to confine and limit the escape of spray, vapor, and residue, and to safely conduct or direct them to an exhaust system.

Also reference paragraph (h) of the ventilation standard for more requirements pertaining to spray finishing operations and paragraph (b) of the standard for flammable liquids

More related information can be found on the A-Z topics pages for personal protective equipmenthazard communicationflammable liquids and respiratory protection