Donate to Hurricane Recovery

Emergency Action Plans

Emergency Action Plans

Hazard Overview

Hazard Overview

What is an emergency action plan?

An emergency action plan (EAP) is a written document required by a particular OSHA standard. The purpose of an EAP is to facilitate and organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies.

What are the hazards associated with emergency action plans?

Failure to have an effective emergency action plan may delay the evacuation of employees to a safe area in the event of fire. When circumstances would otherwise require employees to shelter in place, the lack of an emergency action plan could subject employees to severe heath effects due to a biological or chemical release or serious injury caused by severe weather (e.g., tornado).

Solutions

Solutions

What can I do to protect myself?

Employees should familiarize themselves with the procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency. A distinction should be made regarding when to evacuate the area or building and the circumstances that require employees to shelter in place.

What resources are available to assist employers?

Related resources can be found on the A-Z topics pages for exits and exit routes and fire prevention plans. The Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite.

In addition, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). The education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request.

Regulations

Regulations

Which standards apply?

OSH has adopted the following standards for emergency action plans in North Carolina:

OSH standards requiring emergency action plans are the following:

General Industry

Construction

Learn More

Learn More

Where can I learn more?

If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to ask.osh@labor.nc.gov or by calling 919-707-7876.