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Eyewash Stations and Emergency Showers

Eyewash Stations and Emergency Showers

Hazard Overview

Hazard Overview

What is an eyewash station?

It is the means by which to flush the eyes with copious amounts of water to minimize the harmful effects of chemicals and other substances when splashed or spattered into the eyes.

What is an emergency shower?

It is the means by which to flush all or part of the body with copious amounts of water to minimize the harmful effects of chemicals and other substances when splashed or spattered onto the skin.

What are the consequences of not providing eyewash stations and emergency showers?

Failure to provide adequate flushing capability could result in irreversible damage to the eyes or skin due to corrosive substances or occupational illness due to absorption or penetration of a harmful substance.

Solutions

Solutions

What can I do to protect myself?

Employees should familiarize themselves with the location of the nearest quick drenching facilities. Employers should check quick drenching facilities regularly (e.g., weekly for eyewash stations) to ensure adequate flow and function.

What resources are available to assist employers?

This example personal protective equipment (PPE) hazard assessment can be downloaded and customized to fit an individual workplace. Employers are required to perform a workplace hazard assessment to determine what personal protective equipment is necessary to protect employees from continued exposure to identified hazards.

The A-Z safety and health topics pages on personal protective equipment and medical services and first aid can provide additional resource information. In addition, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). The education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request.

Regulations

Regulations

Which standards apply?

OSH has adopted the following standards requiring eyewash stations, emergency showers and other suitable quick drenching facilities:

General Industry

Marine Terminals

Construction

Learn More

Learn More

Where can I learn more?

If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to ask.osh@labor.nc.gov or by calling 919-707-7876.