Flammable Liquids

Flammable Liquids

Hazard Overview

Hazard Overview

What is a flammable liquid?

A flammable liquid is a liquid having a flash point of not more than 93°C (199.4°F).

What is meant by flash point?

The flash point of a liquid is the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid.

What are the hazards associated with flammable liquids?

Improper storage, handling and use of flammable liquids can cause fires and explosion, which can result in extensive property damage and serious physical injury and death.

Depending upon the specific chemicals involved, exposure to flammable liquids above the respective permissible exposure limits can produce health effects ranging from irritation of the eyes, nose and mouth to acute and chronic toxic effects.

Solutions

Solutions

What can I do to protect myself?

Never use flammable liquids in close proximity to ignition sources. Bonding and grounding must be in place when transferring flammable liquids from one container to another. Ensure there is adequate ventilation when pouring and spraying mixtures that contain flammable liquids.

What resources are available to assist employers?

A-Z topic pages on respiratory protection and PPE can provide more resource information. In addition, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). The education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request.

Regulations

Regulations

Which standards apply?

OSH has adopted the following standards for flammable liquids in North Carolina:

Other occupational safety and health standards associated with flammable liquids include:

Learn More

Learn More

Where can I learn more?

If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to ask.osh@labor.nc.gov or by calling 919-807-2875.