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Cranes and Derricks

Effective May 1, 2018, North Carolina has adopted the extension of the deadline for crane operator certification until November 10, 2018. This delay was originally published in the Federal Register by Federal OSHA on November 9, 2017.

Cranes and Derricks

Hazard Overview

Hazard Overview

What is a crane?

A crane is a mechanical device intended for lifting or lowering a load and moving it horizontally, in which the hoisting mechanism is an integral part of the machine. Cranes can be fixed or mobile and are driven manually or by power.

What is a derrick?

A derrick is an apparatus consisting of a mast or equivalent member held at the head by guys (ropes) or braces, with or without a boom, for use with a hoisting mechanism and operating ropes.

What are the hazards associated with cranes and derricks?

Employees within the swing radius of a crane can be struck by a part of the crane or by the load and suffer serious bodily injury or death. Employees within the hazard area where loads are raised and lowered could be seriously injured or killed by crushing if the load becomes unstable or is not properly secured and falls.

Solutions

Solutions

What can I do to protect myself?

Unless authorized to be working in or moving through a crane work area, employees should remain clear of the area. Never walk under a suspended load.

What resources are available to assist employers?

Example crane inspection checklists are available for employers to customize to suit the equipment that will be used and conditions in which work will be done. In addition, the presentations on cranes and derricks and struck by/caught between can be downloaded and customized to meet your training needs.

In addition, the A-Z safety and health topics page has additional resource information on electrical safety as it relates to cranes and derricks and the Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite.

The NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). The education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request.

Regulations

Regulations

Which standards apply?

OSH has adopted the following standards for cranes and derricks in North Carolina:

Other standards closely related to cranes and derricks include:

Learn More

Learn More

Where can I learn more?

If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to ask.osh@labor.nc.gov or by calling 919-707-7876.