Materials Handling and Storage Materials handling refers to the movement of materials in the workplace and may involve the use of mechanized equipment. Materials Handling and Storage Hazard Overview Solutions Regulations Learn More What are the hazards associated with materials handling and storage? Depending upon the type of materials and the means used to move them, the hazards associated with materials handling and storage can result in serious injury or death due to employees being struck by or caught between materials or the material handling equipment, as well as musculoskeletal injuries due to repetitive movement or improper techniques used when lifting and moving materials. What can I do to protect myself and others? Do not walk under a suspended load. Do not store materials beyond the load capacity of the surface on which they are placed. In addition, do not store materials in an unsafe manner that creates a high center of gravity unless the load can be adequately secured and stabilized to prevent shifting and collapse. When bodily moving materials, be sure to utilize proper lifting techniques to prevent back injury. Do not operate material handling equipment such as forklifts or cranes unless you have been trained in the use of that equipment. If you observe another employee operating material handling equipment in an unsafe manner, report it to your employer immediately. What resources are available to assist employers? Safety and Health Programs An example forklift inspection program is available for employers to use in their workplace. It should be customized to fit the conditions and equipment used in the workplace. Training and Outreach Services Presentations on materials handling for general industry, powered industrial trucks, struck by/caught between and cranes and derricks in construction are available for workplaces to assist in training their staff. The presentations should be modified to address site-specific conditions and hazards. In addition, the education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request. Further, this pre-recorded webinar on powered industrial trucks may also be useful for employee training. Lastly, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos (including streaming video services) and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). A-Z Safety and Health Topics More information related to material handling can be found in the cranes and derricks and powered industrial trucks A-Z topics pages. Consultation Services The consultative services bureau provides free and confidential onsite consultation regarding worksite safety and health hazards. Which standards apply? OSH has adopted the following standards for materials handling and storage in North Carolina. Note: Please also check the standards information and activity webpage to see if there has been any recent or upcoming regulatory activity on this topic. General Industry 29 CFR 1910 Subpart N - material handling and storage 29 CFR 1910.176 - handling materials - general 29 CFR 1910.177 - servicing multi-piece and single piece rim wheels 29 CFR 1910.178 - powered industrial trucks 29 CFR 1910.179 – overhead and gantry cranes 29 CFR 1910.180 - crawler locomotive and truck cranes 29 CFR 1910.181 - derricks 29 CFR 1910.183 - helicopters 29 CFR 1910.184 - slings Maritime, Shipyard Employment 29 CFR 1915 Subpart G - gear and equipment for rigging and materials handling 29 CFR 1915.111 - inspections 29 CFR 1915.112 - ropes, chains and slings 29 CFR 1915.113 - shackles and hooks 29 CFR 1915.114 - chain falls and pull-lifts 29 CFR 1915.115 - hoisting and hauling equipment 29 CFR 1915.116 - use of gear 29 CFR 1915.117 - qualifications of operators 29 CFR 1915.118 - tables 29 CFR 1915.120 - powered industrial truck operator training Maritime, Marine Terminals 29 CFR 1917 Subpart C - cargo handling gear and equipment 29 CFR 1917.41 - house falls 29 CFR 1917.42 - miscellaneous auxiliary gear 29 CFR 1917.43 - powered industrial trucks 29 CFR 1917.44 - general rules applicable to vehicles 29 CFR 1917.45 - cranes and derricks 29 CFR 1917.46 - load indicating devices 29 CFR 1917.47 - winches 29 CFR 1917.48 - conveyors 29 CFR 1917.49 - spouts, chutes, hoppers, bins, and associated equipment 29 CFR 1917.50 - certification of marine terminal material handling devices 29 CFR 1917.51 - hand tools Construction 29 CFR 1926 Subpart H - materials handling, storage, use, and disposal 29 CFR 1926.250 - general requirements for storage 29 CFR 1926.251 - rigging equipment for material handling 29 CFR 1926.252 - disposal of waste materials 29 CFR 1926 Subpart CC - cranes and derricks in construction 29 CFR 1926.1400 - scope 29 CFR 1926.1412 - inspections 29 CFR 1926.1413 - wire rope - inspection 29 CFR 1926.1414 - wire rope - selection and installation criteria 29 CFR 1926.1415 - safety devices 29 CFR 1926.1416 - operational aids 29 CFR 1926.1417 - operation 29 CFR 1926.1418 - authority to stop operation 29 CFR 1926.1419 - signals - general requirements 29 CFR 1926.1420 - signals - radio, telephone or other electronic transmission of signals 29 CFR 1926.1421 - signals - voice signals - additional requirements 29 CFR 1926.1422 - signals - hand signal chart 29 CFR 1926.1427 - operator qualification and certification 29 CFR 1926.1430 - training 29 CFR 1926.1432 - multiple-crane/derrick lifts - supplemental requirements 29 CFR 1926.1435 - tower cranes 29 CFR 1926.1436 - derricks 29 CFR 1926.1437 - floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges 29 CFR 1926.1438 – overhead & gantry cranes 29 CFR 1926.1441 - equipment with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2,000 pounds or less Other Applicable Standards The Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite. Where can I learn more? Industry Guides Industry Guide 48 – OSHA Construction Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training, includes requirements for material handling and storage in construction. Industry Guide 49 – OSHA General Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training, includes requirements for materials handling and storage in general industry. Industry Guide 53 – OSHA Shipyard Employment Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training highlights the requirements of standards related to materials handling and storage in shipyard employment. Industry Guide 54 – OSHA Marine Terminal Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training provides requirements for standards related to materials handling and storage at marine terminals. Compliance Documents Compliance Directive: CPL 02-01-014 Alloy Steel Chain Slings Proof-Testing Compliance Directive: CPL 02-01-028 Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training Compliance Directive: CPL 02-01-030 Chocking Tractor Trailers Standards Notice: SN 52 Conversion of, Modification of, and Additions to Powered Industrial Trucks Federal OSHA Directive: STD 1-11.6A Powered Industrial Trucks Federal OSHA Directive: STD 1-11.7 Securing Trucks or Trailers to Loading Docks Technical Assistance If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or by calling 919-707-7876.