Steel Erection Steel erection is the construction, alteration or repair of steel buildings, bridges and other structures, including the installation of metal decking and all planking used during the process of erection. Steel Erection Hazard Overview Solutions Regulations Learn More What are the hazards associated with steel erection? The principal hazards associated with steel erection are serious injury and death due to: working under suspended loads that are improperly rigged; structural collapse of steel columns and joists that are not properly anchored and secured; falls to lower levels; and overhead hazards not associated with hoisting operations, such as tools and other equipment that are not properly secured. What can I do to protect myself? Workers engaged in steel erection operations must be trained by a qualified person to perform the tasks they are expected to do. They must understand the types of hazards to which they may be exposed while working at the job site. Personal fall protection equipment must be examined prior to its use and replaced if necessary before working at an elevated level. What resources are available to assist employers? Safety and Health Programs These crane inspection checklists can be modified to meet the needs of the employer. Training and Outreach Services Presentations on steel erection, fall protection, struck-by/caught between and cranes and derricks are available that can be customized to fit an employer's worksite conditions. The education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request. In addition, the pre-recorded webinar on fall protection ca be useful toward employee traiining. Further, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos (including streaming video services) and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). A-Z Safety and Health Topics Other relevant information can be found on the cranes and derricks and fall protection A-Z topics pages. Consultation Services The consultative services bureau provides free and confidential onsite consultation regarding worksite safety and health hazards. Which standards apply? OSH has adopted the following standards which are applicable to steel erection in North Carolina. Note: Please also check the standards information and activity webpage to see if there has been any recent or upcoming regulatory activity on this topic. Construction 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R - Steel Erection 29 CFR 1926.750 - scope 29 CFR 1926.751 - definitions 29 CFR 1926.752 - site layout, site-specific erection plan and construction sequence 29 CFR 1926.753 - hoisting and rigging 29 CFR 1926.754 - structural steel assembly 29 CFR 1926.755 - column anchorage 29 CFR 1926.756 - beams and columns 29 CFR 1926.757 - open web steel joists 29 CFR 1926.758 - systems-engineered metal buildings 29 CFR 1926.759 - falling object protection 29 CFR 1926.760 - fall protection 29 CFR 1926.761 - training Other standards closely related to steel erection includes: 29 CFR 1926 Subpart CC - cranes and derricks 29 CFR 1926.502 - fall protection systems criteria and practices Other Applicable Standards The Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite. Where can I learn more? Compliance Documents Compliance Directive: CPL 02-01-034, Inspection Policy and Procedures for Steel Erection in Construction, establishes the enforcement policy and provides an explanation of the steel erection standards to ensure uniform enforcement. Compliance Directive: CPL 02-01-040 - Enforcement Policy on Column Joists - OSHA Instruction CPL 02-01-034 (CPL 2-1.34) “Inspection policy and procedures for OSHA’s steel erection standards for construction,” was issued March 22, 2002. In Question and Answer #32, a compliance policy was announced with respect to the column joist requirements in 29 CFR 1926.757(a)(3), with a termination date of July 18, 2003. The effective date of this enforcement policy has been extended indefinitely. Compliance Directive: CPL 02-01-048 - Clarification of the Enforcement Policies Relating to Floors/Nets and Shear Connectors clarifies OSHA's enforcement policies on the requirements regarding: (1) fully planked or decked floors or nets and (2) the use of pre-installed shear connectors during steel erection. Operational Procedure Notice (OPN) 121, Steel Erection Standard, establishes North Carolina policy for enforcement of the steel erection standards. It modifies the provisions of CPL 02-01-034 to incorporate state-specific rule 13 NCAC 07F. 0205 to clarify the definition of steel erection activities. Industry Guides Industry Guide 48 - OSHA Construction Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training provides requirements for standards related to steel erection. Technical Assistance If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to email@example.com or by calling 919-707-7876.