Steel Erection

Steel erection is the construction, alteration or repair of steel buildings, bridges and other structures, including the installation of metal decking and all planking used during the process of erection.

Steel Erection

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What are the hazards associated with steel erection?

The principal hazards associated with steel erection are serious injury and death due to: working under suspended loads that are improperly rigged; structural collapse of steel columns and joists that are not properly anchored and secured; falls to lower levels; and overhead hazards not associated with hoisting operations, such as tools and other equipment that are not properly secured.

What can I do to protect myself?

Workers engaged in steel erection operations must be trained by a qualified person to perform the tasks they are expected to do. They must understand the types of hazards to which they may be exposed while working at the job site. Personal fall protection equipment must be examined prior to its use and replaced if necessary before working at an elevated level.

What resources are available to assist employers?

Safety and Health Programs

These crane inspection checklists can be modified to meet the needs of the employer.

Training and Outreach Services

Presentations on steel erection, fall protection, struck-by/caught between and cranes and derricks are available that can be customized to fit an employer's worksite conditions.

In addition, the education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request. 

Further, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos (including streaming video services) and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC).

A-Z Safety and Health Topics

Other relevant information can be found on the cranes and derricks and fall protection A-Z topics pages. 

Consultation Services

The consultative services bureau provides free and confidential onsite consultation regarding worksite safety and health hazards.

Which standards apply?

OSH has adopted the following standards which are applicable to steel erection in North Carolina. Note: Please also check the standards information and activity webpage to see if there has been any recent or upcoming regulatory activity on this topic. 


Other standards closely related to steel erection includes:

Other Applicable Standards

The Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite.


Where can I learn more?

Compliance Documents

Industry Guides

Technical Assistance

If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to or by calling 919-707-7876.