Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Hazard Overview

Hazard Overview

What are viral hemorrhagic fevers?

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a group of diseases caused by ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses from four distinct families. These diseases include Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever, Lassa fever, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, and Yellow Fever.

What are the hazards associated with viral hemorrhagic fever?

Although some types of VHFs are relatively mild illnesses, many of them can cause severe, life-threatening disease with high fatality rates.

Solutions

Solutions

What can I do to protect myself?

Healthcare workers, emergency response personnel and others responsible for providing any type of medical assistance, including first aid, should always observe universal precautions where there is actual or potential exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials. This includes ensuring that you are provided with and don surgical or exam gloves prior to providing any type of medical assistance.

Employers and employees can exercise additional precautions by implementing standard precautions. Standard precautions goes beyond universal precautions by regarding all body fluids as potentially infectious, not just blood or other potentially infectious materials.

Get vaccinated for VHFs for which vaccines exist. An approved vaccine is available for Yellow Fever and there are experimental vaccine available for other VHF syndromes.

What resources are available to assist employers?

  • Conducting a PPE hazard analysis of the workplace can also ensure that all appropriate PPE is being utilized and employees are properly trained.

More information can be found on on the A-Z topics pages for bloodborne pathogens and personal protective equipment. In addition, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). The education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request.

 

 

 

Regulations

Regulations

Which standards apply?

OSH has adopted the following standards that are applicable to viral hemorrhagic fevers:

29 CFR 1910 Subpart I - personal protective equipment

29 CFR 1910.1030 - bloodborne pathogens, general industry

Learn More

Learn More

Where can I learn more?

If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to ask.osh@labor.nc.gov or by calling 919-807-2875.