Hazard Communication Hazard communication is a system in which employees are informed about the health and physical hazards of chemicals in their work areas through standardized label elements and safety data sheets. The responsibility lies with the employer to ensure that this is accomplished and that employees have ready access to this information. Hazard communication is often referred to as "employee right-to-know." Hazard Communication Hazard Overview Solutions Regulations Learn More Hazard Overview What are the hazards associated with hazard communication? Failure of the employer to inform employees about the hazards of chemicals in the workplace can result in property damage, serious physical harm and death. Solutions What can I do to protect myself? Before using any chemical, information on the label and accompanying information (e.g., safety data sheets) should be consulted in order to identify any personal protective equipment necessary to prevent direct contact through inhalation, splash or spatter to eyes, nose or mouth, or skin contact. What resources are available to assist employers? Safety and Health Programs These example programs, hazard communication, respiratory protection and PPE and hazard analysis can assist the employer with their hazard communication program and identifying the appropriate personal protective equipment required in the workplace. Training and Outreach Services Presentations on hazard communication, respiratory protection, and personal protective equipment (general industry and construction) can assist employers in training their staff. These presentations should be modified to address site-specific conditions and hazards. In addition, the education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request. Further, the following pre-recorded webinars are also available to assist with training; respiratory protection and hazard communication. Lastly, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos (including streaming video services) and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). A-Z Safety and Health Topics A-Z safety and health topic pages on respiratory protection, eyewash stations and emergency showers and PPE can provide more resource information. Consultation Services The consultative services bureau provides free and confidential onsite consultation regarding worksite safety and health hazards. Regulations What standards apply? OSH has adopted the following standards which are applicable to hazard communication in North Carolina. Note: Please also check the standards information and activity webpage to see if there has been any recent or upcoming regulatory activity on this topic. General Industry 29 CFR 1910.1200 - hazard communication Other applicable general industry standards that may apply: 29 CFR 1910.132 - personal protective equipment, general requirements 29 CFR 1910.133 - eye and face protection 29 CFR 1910.134 - respiratory protection 29 CFR 1910.138 - hand protection Maritime, Shipyard Employment 29 CFR 1915.1200 - hazard communication Other applicable maritime standards that may apply: 29 CFR 1915.152 - personal protective equipment - general requirements 29 CFR 1915.153 - eye and face protection 29 CFR 1915.154 - respiratory protection Construction 29 CFR 1926.59 - hazard communication Other applicable construction standards that may apply: 29 CFR 1926.28 - personal protective equipment 29 CFR 1926.95 - criteria for personal protective equipment 29 CFR 1926.102 - eye and face protection 29 CFR 1926.103 - respiratory protection Agriculture 29 CFR 1928.21(a)(5) - hazard communication OSHA Standards that reference the hazard communication standard: General Industry 29 CFR 1920.120 - HAZWOPER 29 CFR 1910.252 - welding, cutting and brazing, general requirements 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Z - toxic and hazard substances (most of the health standards) Construction 29 CFR 1926.60 - methylenedianline 29 CFR 1926.62 - lead 29 CFR 1926.65 - HAZWOPER 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z - toxic and hazard substances (most of the health standards) Other Applicable Standards The Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite. Learn More Where can I learn more? Compliance Documents Compliance Directive: CPL 02-02-079 establishes the enforcement policy and provides an explanation of the hazard communication standard to ensure uniform enforcement. A compliance memo clarifies several issues raised regarding compliance directive CPL 02-02-079 and which will be included in the next revision of this directive. Field Operations Manual Chapter 15 - Industrial Hygiene Compliance provides citation guidance for hazard communication standard. Operational Procedure Notice: OPN 148 - Carbon Monoxide Exposure Documentation Guidelines provides guidance on the use of the Coburn Equation to theoretically derive an employee's exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) using their post-exposure blood carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels. Industry Guides Industry Guide 48 - OSHA Construction Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training, includes requirements for hazard communication along with many other construction industry standards. Industry Guide 49 - OSHA General Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training, includes requirements for hazard communication along with many other general industry standards. Industry Guide 50 - OSHA Agriculture Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training includes requirements for the hazard communication standard along with other agriculture standards. Industry Guide 53 - OSHA Shipyard Employment Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training, highlights the requirements of standards related to hazard communication in shipyard employment. Technical Assistance If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to email@example.com or by calling 919-707-7876.