A flammable liquid is a liquid having a flash point of not more than 93°C (199.4°F).
The flash point of a liquid is the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid.
What are the hazards associated with flammable liquids?
Improper storage, handling and use of flammable liquids can cause fires and explosion, which can result in extensive property damage and serious physical injury and death.
Depending upon the specific chemicals involved, exposure to flammable liquids above the respective permissible exposure limits can produce health effects ranging from irritation of the eyes, nose and mouth to acute and chronic toxic effects.
What can I do to protect myself?
Never use flammable liquids in close proximity to ignition sources. Bonding and grounding must be in place when transferring flammable liquids from one container to another. Ensure there is adequate ventilation when pouring and spraying mixtures that contain flammable liquids.
What resources are available to assist employers?
Safety and Health Programs
These example programs, hazard communication, respiratory protection and PPE and hazard analysis can assist the employer with their hazard communication program and identifying the appropriate personal protective equipment required in the workplace.
Training and Outreach Services
Presentations on hazard communication, respiratory protection, and personal protective equipment (general industry and construction) can assist employers in training their staff. These presentations should be modified to address site-specific conditions and hazards.
In addition, the education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request.
Lastly, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos (including streaming video services) and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC).
A-Z Safety and Health Topics
The consultative services bureau provides free and confidential onsite consultation regarding worksite safety and health hazards.
Which standards apply?
OSH has adopted the following standards for flammable liquids in North Carolina. Note: Please also check the standards information and activity webpage to see if there has been any recent or upcoming regulatory activity on this topic.
29 CFR 1910.106 - flammable liquids
29 CFR 1910.307 - hazardous (classified) locations
29 CFR 1910.1200 - hazard communication
Maritime, Shipyard Employment
29 CFR 1915.36 - flammable liquids
29 CFR 1926.152 - flammable liquids
Other Applicable Standards
The Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite.
Where can I learn more?
Standards Notice 18, Approved Containers to Store Flammable Liquids in General Industry, provides guidance on acceptable containers for the storage of flammable liquids in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.106.
Industry Guide 48 - OSHA Construction Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training provides requirements for standards related to flammable liquids in construction.
Industry Guide 49 - OSHA General Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training provides requirements for standards related to flammable liquids in general industry.
Industry Guide 53 - OSHA Shipyard Employment Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training highlights the requirements of standards related to flammable liquids in shipyard employment.
If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to email@example.com or by calling 919-707-7876.