Emergency Action Plans An emergency action plan (EAP) is a written document required by a particular OSHA standard. The purpose of an EAP is to facilitate and organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies. Emergency Action Plans Hazard Overview Solutions Regulations Learn More What are the hazards associated with emergency action plans? Failure to have an effective emergency action plan may delay the evacuation of employees to a safe area in the event of fire. When circumstances would otherwise require employees to shelter in place, the lack of an emergency action plan could subject employees to severe heath effects due to a biological or chemical release or serious injury caused by severe weather (e.g., tornado). What can I do to protect myself? Employees should familiarize themselves with the procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency. A distinction should be made regarding when to evacuate the area or building and the circumstances that require employees to shelter in place. What resources are available to assist employers? Safety and Health Programs This example emergency action plan can be downloaded and customized to fit an individual workplace. Training and Outreach Services The presentation on exit routes, emergency action and fire prevention plans can be used by employers to assist in their employees' training and should be modified to reflect specific conditions and hazards in their workplaces. In addition, the education, training and technical assistance bureau provides free online safety and health training and outreach services (i.e., speaker's bureau requests, safety booths) upon request. Further, the NCDOL Library offers free safety and health videos (including a streaming video service) and related research assistance on consensus standards (i.e., ANSI, NFPA, NEC). A-Z Safety and Health Topics Related resources can be found on the A-Z topics pages for exits and exit routes and fire prevention plans. Consultation Services The consultative services bureau provides free and confidential onsite consultation regarding worksite safety and health hazards. Which standards apply? OSH has adopted the following standards which are applicable to emergency action plans in North Carolina. Note: Please also check the standards information and activity webpage to see if there has been any recent or upcoming regulatory activity on this topic. General Industry 29 CFR 1910.38 - emergency action plans Construction 29 CFR 1926.35 - employee emergency action plans Maritime, Marine Terminals 29 CFR 1917.30 - emergency action plans OSH standards requiring emergency action plans are the following: General Industry 29 CFR 1910.66 - powered platforms for building maintenance 29 CFR 1910.119 - process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals 29 CFR 1910.120 - hazardous waste operations and emergency response 29 CFR 1910.157 - portable fire extinguishers 29 CFR 1910.272 - grain handling facilities 29 CFR 1910.1047 - ethylene oxide 29 CFR 1910.1050 - 4,4'-methylenedianiline 29 CFR 1910.1051 - 1,3-butadiene Construction 29 CFR 1926.60 - methylenedianline (29 CFR 1910.38) 29 CFR 1926.64 - process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals (29 CFR 1926.35) 29 CFR 1926.65 - hazardous waste operations and emergency response (29 CFR 1926.35) 29 CFR 1926.1144 - 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (29 CFR 1910.38) 29 CFR 1926.1147 - ethylene oxide (29 CFR 1910.38) Other Applicable Standards The Which OSHA Standards Apply webpage can also help identify other standards that may be applicable to your worksite. Where can I learn more? Industry Guides Industry Guide 48 - OSHA Construction Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training provides requirements for standards related to emergency action plans, exit routes and fire prevention plans in construction. Industry Guide 49 - OSHA General Industry Standards Requiring Programs, Inspections, Procedures, Records and/or Training, includes requirements for standards related to emergency action plans, exit routes and fire prevention plans in general industry. Compliance Documents Operational Procedure Notice 130B, Emergency Action Plans and Fire Prevention Plans, establishes the enforcement policy and provides an explanation of when they are required to ensure uniform enforcement. Technical Assistance If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard or topic, you can submit your questions using the Ask OSH web form, by e-mail to email@example.com or by calling 919-707-7876.